The Stochastic Impact of Defocus in EUV Lithography

The Stochastic Impact of Defocus in EUV Lithography
by Fred Chen on 06-28-2020 at 6:00 am

The Stochastic Impact of Defocus in EUV Lithography

The stochastic nature of imaging has received a great deal of attention in the area of EUV lithography. The density of EUV photons reaching the wafer is low enough [1] that the natural variation in the number of photons arriving at a given location can give rise to a relatively large standard deviation.

In recent studies [2,3], it … Read More


The Uncertain Phase Shifts of EUV Masks

The Uncertain Phase Shifts of EUV Masks
by Fred Chen on 05-13-2020 at 10:00 am

The Uncertain Phase Shifts of EUV Masks

EUV (Extreme UltraViolet) lithography has received attention within the semiconductor industry since its development inception in 1997 with the formation of the EUV LLC [1], and more recently, since the 7nm node began, with limited use by Samsung and TSMC being touted as key advantages [2, 3]. As with any key critical technology,

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Lithography Resolution Limits – Arrayed Features

Lithography Resolution Limits – Arrayed Features
by Fred Chen on 04-17-2020 at 6:00 am

Lithography Resolution Limits Arrayed Features

State-of-the-art chips will always include some portions which are memory arrays, which also happen to be the densest portions of the chip. Arrayed features are the main targets for lithography evaluation, as the feature pitch is well-defined, and is directly linked to the cost scaling (more features per wafer) from generation… Read More


Lithography Resolution Limits: Paired Features

Lithography Resolution Limits: Paired Features
by Fred Chen on 04-07-2020 at 10:00 am

Lithography Resolution Limits Paired Features

As any semiconductor process advances to the next generation or “node”, a sticky point is how to achieve the required higher resolution. As noted in another article [1], multipatterning (the required use of repeated patterning steps for a particular feature) has been practiced already for many years, and many have… Read More


Low Energy Electrons Set the Limits for EUV Lithography

Low Energy Electrons Set the Limits for EUV Lithography
by Fred Chen on 03-25-2020 at 6:00 am

Low Energy Electrons Set the Limits for EUV Lithography

EUV lithography is widely perceived to be the obvious choice to replace DUV lithography due to the shorter wavelength(s) used. However, there’s a devil in the details, or a catch if you will.

Electrons have the last word
The resist exposure is completed by the release of electrons following the absorption of the EUV photon.… Read More


Changes Coming at the Top in Semiconductor Equipment Ranking

Changes Coming at the Top in Semiconductor Equipment Ranking
by Robert Castellano on 12-10-2018 at 12:00 pm

Semiconductor equipment vendor ranking, which didn’t change much between 2016 and 2017, is undergoing a makeover, as Lam Research, ASML, and Tokyo Electron (TEL) are switching places and top-ranked Applied Materials is getting closer to losing its number one ranking.

Since the 1990s, Applied Materials has been the market leader… Read More


SEMICON West – Leading Edge Lithography and EUV

SEMICON West – Leading Edge Lithography and EUV
by Scotten Jones on 08-13-2018 at 7:00 am

At SEMICON West I attended the imec technology forum, multiple Tech Spot presentations and conducted a number of interviews relevant to advanced lithography and EUV. In this article I will summarize what I learned plus make some comments on the outlook for EUV.… Read More