More than ever collaboration in early research is necessary keep up with the needed speed of adoption to keep up. New platforms and business models are needed and this endeavor should accelerate the progress of both AMAT and their customers to further speed technology and its time to market significantly. In this age of the "Great Acceleration" business structures must advance as fast as the technologies behind them and collaboration more than ever is key. Morris Chang stated collaboration and partnerships are one of the keys to success and this is but one more step in that direction. The more tightly integrated the supply chain is the faster the technologies we need to meet the challenges before us can be implemented.